Cooperative Structures

Cooperative structures are incorporated into every grade level of the Making Meaning program to increase students’ engagement with and investment in their own learning. By using cooperative structures to facilitate discussions about texts, students and teachers become a supportive community of readers. Students’ social development is nurtured by the following cooperative structures:

  • Turn to Your Partner
    Students turn to a partner sitting next to them to discuss an issue or question.
  • Think, Pair, Share
    Each student thinks individually about a question before discussing his or her thoughts with a partner. Pairs then report their thinking to another pair or to the class. This works particularly well to facilitate students thinking about, and responding to, complex questions.
  • Group Brainstorming
    Groups of four students generate as many ideas as they can about a question or topic as a group member records.
  • Heads Together
    Groups of four students discuss a question among themselves. Groups may then share their thinking with the class.
  • Think, Pair, Write
    Similar to “Think, Pair, Share,” students think for a few minutes individually before talking with a partner. Students then write their ideas down. Pairs may then be asked to share their writing with another pair or with the class.